Escuela de Niñas
(Girls School in Hagåtña)
Who were teaching in the schools of the Marianas in the late 1800s? Here's a list from 1885.
At the Colegio de San Juan de Letrán in Hagåtña, founded by Blessed Diego Luís de Sanvitores, and supervised by the priest of Hagåtña from then on, were :
Don Luís Díaz de Torres. As headmaster, he earned 25 pesos a month. He had been educated at the Teachers College in Manila (Escuela Normal).
José Cruz Torres
Juan Rosario Sablan
Vicente Flores Aflague
These four teachers earned 10 pesos a month.
The girls, who eventually had their own school building, were taught by two women :
These two women teachers earned 5 pesos a month.
OUTLYING VILLAGES AND OTHER ISLANDS
All these teachers earned just three pesos a month.
Sinajaña - Mariano Castro
Aniguak - Justo Aflague
Asan - María Delgado
Tepungan - Pedro Taijito
Sumay - José Cruz
Agat - Mariano Taitano and Antonia Pangelinan
Umatac - Carmela Cruz
Merizo - Pedro Cruz and Ana Pangelinan
Inarajan - José Dueñas
María Cristina (Carolinian village in Tamuning) - Mariano Fausto
Rota - José Castro and Consolación Crisóstomo
Saipan - Joaquina de León Guerrero and Antonia Borja
As you can see, there were very few teachers, which means that they were teaching very few children, compared to the total population of children.
The fact is that the government, and the Church, were not interested in educating every single child. Since people were farmers and fishermen who lived off the land and sea, there was no perceived need for a classroom education.
But the officials did realize, for many years, that they needed a sufficient number of educated people who could read and write in order to become the civic leaders of the local population, who could assist the government and Church in the formation of the community they envisioned.